How to Find U. S. Congressional Bills and Resolutions

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Hale Polebaum-Freeman
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About Bills and Resolutions

Bills and Resolutions ...

  • most common way that legislation is introduced
  • numbered in series for each Congress
  • if not acted on, they die at the end of the Congress during which they were introducedmost are never acted on
  • bills may undergo many markups (revisions) and number changes
  • amendments, related or not, may be attached to final legislation

Abbreviations used in the bill numbering system:

Senate 
Bills (S.) 
Resolutions (S. Res.) 
Joint resolutions (S.J. Res.) 
Concurrent resolutions (S. Con. Res.)
House 
Bills (H.R.) 
Resolutions (H. Res.) 
Joint resolutions (H.J. Res.) 
Concurrent resolutions (H. Con. Res.) 

How a Bill Becomes a Law

How a Bill Becomes a Law