Williams College Library has been a selective Federal Depository Library since 1858, when the documents of the 35th Congress were shipped to President Mark Hopkins in July of that year. 1858 also marked the first year that Senators and Representatives in Congress were authorized to designate depository libraries in their districts; Williams was one of the very first to be chosen. The origins of the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) date from 1813, when Congress passed resolutions providing for the distribution of public journals and documents of the Senate and House to educational institutions in each state for the purpose of providing public access to government information.
In 1991, Williams College commemorated alumnus John Griffith Ames, Williams Class of 1858, by naming the documents collection for him. Ames (1834-1910) was Superintendent of Documents when it was part of the Department of the Interior, from 1874-1895. Previously, he had served in New Jersey and Ohio as an Episcopalian priest. Ames also was responsible for developing the serial numbering system for the United States Serial Set and is the author of the Comprehensive Index to the Publications of the United States Government, 1881-1893 , also known as the Ames Index. In addition, Ames was the driving force behind the Printing Act of 1895, which led to the establishment of the Government Printing Office and the modern-day depository distribution system, its goal being free and open access to government information for all citizens.
Comprehensive coverage of U.S. Congressional materials is our special strength. To augment our depository collections in print and electronic format from 1789-present, Williams College Libraries also has purchased the digital full-text of the Congressional Serial Set (1789-1969), Congressional hearings and prints (1830-2003), and Congressional Research Service Reports (1916-present). We also provide access to United States Census documents from the earliest (1790) to the present. Congressional hearings and prints from 2004-present are made available in print or in electronic format. Search our online catalog, for all hearings, prints, Serial Set documents, and Census information. To search Congressional documents exclusively, use Congressional Publications.