It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
History 135: Primary Sources
The Coffeehouse from Arabia to the Enlightenment Professor: Alexander Bevilacqua Fall 2018
Primary sources are first-hand accounts by participants of a particular event or materials produced at the same historical time period.
If you were examining racism in the 1911 edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the article in the encyclopedia on the "Negro" would be a primary source. However, an article in the American Historical Review analyzing racism in the Britannica would be a secondary source. (Richard Marius, A Short Guide to Writing About History, pp. 14-15.)
Some examples of primary sources include:
Memoirs, speeches, writings, correspondence
Papers of a political party, agency, or association
Official documents such as congressional hearings and reports
Contemporary magazine and newspaper articles
Contemporary art, films, literature, and music
Contemporary artifacts, such as buildings and monuments
Publication Dates: 1701-1800
Provides the full text of books, pamphlets, essays, broadsides printed in any language in the territories governed by Britain and all items printed in English anywhere in the world during the eighteenth century.